Ureteral Stent Placement
Cystoscopy is performed under local anesthesia and conscious sedation, while a ureteral stent is placed to help the kidney drain properly.
- Ureteral stones
- Ureteral stricture
- Ureteral obstruction
- Flank pain
The patient lies on an exam table on his back, and the opening of the urethra is cleaned, local anesthetic given, and conscious sedation administered. A cystoscope is then placed into the bladder, and a small tube inserted into the opening of the ureter. An x-ray is then taken while contrast is injected into the tube in order to image the ureter. A ureteral stent is then placed, and an x-ray taken to confirm proper positioning of the ureteral stent.
Most patients will experience some slight burning with urination or pass a small amount of blood following ureteral stent placement. There may also be a sense of needing to urinate even after the bladder is emptied, which is due to the stent irritating the bladder. This irritation can usually be addressed with medication, but on occasion patients are unable to tolerate the stent. It is important to remember that the ureteral stent is not permanent and must be removed or changed in the future.