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Kidney Mass

kidney diagramMany patients are seen in The Urology Clinic for the evaluation of a mass in the kidney.  This mass may have been discovered at the time of an x-ray or ultrasound being performed for another reason (an incidental finding) or as part of an investigation into a patient’s symptoms or abnormal lab results.

Causes of Kidney (Renal) Mass

There are many causes for a mass in the kidney and may include the following:

  • Renal cyst (benign)
  • Anatomic variations
  • Infection of kidney
  • Hydronephrosis or partial blockage of kidney
  • Kidney tumors (benign and malignant)


The evaluation begins with a detailed history and physical examination and may include the following:

  • Urine cytology
  • Cystoscopy
  • CT scan
  • Renal ultrasound
  • MRI scan
  • Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP)
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)


The course of treatment of a kidney mass is individualized to each patient.  Many masses are benign (non-cancerous) and may need no further evaluation.  Some masses require followup CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI imaging.  Others that appear to be cancerous may be treated in a variety of ways depending on the size, location, and other medical problems and may include the following:

  • Radical nephrectomy
  • Partial nephrectomy
  • Laparoscopic radical nephrectomy
  • Laparoscopic cryotherapy


Kidney mass is a common reason for patients to be seen in The Urology Clinic, and we provide comprehensive evaluation and treatment for these individuals.  When faced with a kidney mass, we will work with you or your family member to determine its cause and significance and decide if and what treatment is required.

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This web site is intended as an educational resource for physicians, patients, and the community and provides only an overview of The Urology Clinic and Georgia Lithotripsy & Laser Center, select urologic conditions and procedures.  It is not intended to serve as or replace an evaluation by a health care provider.  Patients with urologic complaints should be seen and evaluated individually so that their unique situation can be addressed appropriately.
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The Urology Clinic
120 Trinity Place
Athens, GA 30607
(706) 543-2718 (T)
(706) 353-3709 (F)

8 a.m - 5 p.m.

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461 Cook Street, Suite D
Joe A Adams Building
Royston, GA 30662

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367 Clear Creek Parkway
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Lavonia, GA  30553

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