The Urology Clinic - Georgia Lithotripsy & Laser Center logo for print

120 Trinity Place
Athens, GA 30607


Phone: (706) 543-2718
Fax: (706) 353-3709

120 Trinity Place
Athens, Georgia 30607

(706) 543-2718

Vasectomy

Vasectomy is the most common surgical procedure used for male sterilization. A vasectomy is a minor surgical procedure in which the vas deferens are isolated, cut and ligated, thereby disrupting the flow of sperm into the ejaculate. After follow-up demonstrates no persistent sperm after a vasectomy, a man should no longer be able to father children.

Indications

  • Desire for permanent male sterility

Procedure

Patients that undergo vasectomy in our surgery center are given conscious sedation; the scrotum is cleansed and prepped with an antiseptic solution and then covered with a sterile drape. If the scrotum was not shaven prior to surgery, this is completed prior to the skin preparation. Local anesthesia is injected into the skin over the vas deferens and into the cord itself, allowing excellent pain control. Although the patient will be aware of some pressure and movement, this “cord block” relieves operative and postoperative pain for several hours. The vas deferens is then isolated. We remove a small segment for pathologic confirmation, cauterize the vas lumen, and tie or place titanium clips on the ends. The incision or incisions are then closed with small dissolvable sutures.

Advantages

  • Generally more safe and reliable than female sterilization
  • Outpatient office procedure
  • Less expensive than female sterilization

Side Effects

For the first several days after the procedure, the patient will likely have some heaviness and discomfort in the testicles, particularly with activity. This decreases week by week, and usually by 2-3 weeks has completely resolved. There is commonly some swelling and bruising in the scrotum, and wearing a scrotal supporter or tight underwear for several days as instructed will decrease this. The thin and pliable scrotal tissues can occasionally allow the formation of a hematoma. Superficial skin infections around the incisions and stitches can occur and may require antibiotics or drainage in the office. A chronic pain syndrome can occur in approximately 1/1000 cases and may require vasectomy reversal for treatment. As with any surgical procedure, vasectomy has risks and benefits, and a small percentage of vasectomies “fail” due to re-canalization, or re-growth of sperm channels.

Please see our vasectomy brochure for additional information.